Adenosylmethionine

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ABBREVIATIONS: CSF, cerebrospinal fluid; GNMT, glycine N-methyltransferase; GSH, glutathione; HCC, hepatocellular carcinoma; Hcy, homocysteine; MAT, methionine adenosyltransferase; MTA, 5-deoxy-5-methylthioadenosine; MTHFR, 5,10-methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase; NASH, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis; SAH, (S)-adenosylhomocysteine; SAMe, (S)-adenosylmethionine. INTRODUCTION …

Aloe Vera

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INTRODUCTION Aloe vera is one of the oldest known medicinal herbs with a history of use that spans thousands of years. Today, aloe vera is cultivated and used in a …

Androstenedione

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INTRODUCTION Androstenedione (chemical name: 4-androstene-3,17- dione) is a steroid hormone produced primarily in the reproductive system and adrenal glands in men and women. It circulates in the bloodstream and is …

Arginine

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INTRODUCTION Arginine was first isolated in 1895 from animal horn. It is considered a nonessential amino acid under physiological conditions; however, it may be classified as semi-essential (or conditioned) in …

Astragalus

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INTRODUCTION Astragalus root (Astragalus membranaceus and Astragalus mongholicus) (Figs. 1 and 2; flowers are shown in Fig. 2) is one of the most important plant products used in traditional Chinese …