Respiratory therapy for chronic lung diseases
Obstructive airway diseases such as asthma, COPD and pulmonary emphysema are associated with disturbed breathing and often with stuck secretions in the bronchi. The aim of respiratory therapy is to alleviate respiratory-related symptoms and to relieve the patient from coughing up viscous mucus.
In a respiratory therapy, therefore, it is about giving those affected certain exercises and techniques that facilitate breathing and exhaling.
What happens with respiratory therapy?
A respiratory therapy can be thought of as physiotherapy adapted to lung patients . The focus is on the specific complaints of the patients, which should be improved by targeted training.
Essentially, respiratory therapy revolves around the following goals and content:
- Development of a breathing consciousness
- Instructions for breath-physiological strength and stretching exercises
- Mediation of special cough and breathing techniques
- Mobilization of tough, stuck secretion in the bronchi
- Improvement of oxygen uptake
- Instructions for training with respiratory therapy devices
Where can you do a respiratory therapy?
In principle, every patient can carry out a respiratory therapeutic training program independently at home. Especially for newcomers, a training or accompaniment by a therapist is highly recommended. As part of such training, patients will be able to perform the techniques and exercises they have learned on their own.
Respiratory Therapy Training is offered by
- specially trained respiratory therapists (physiotherapists with respiratory therapeutic additional training)
- Rehabilitation clinics for lung patients and
- regional pulmonary groups .
Regulation and reimbursement
A respiratory therapy can be prescribed by a home or pulmonologist. In the case of a first prescription, usually 6 therapy sessions of 20 minutes each are prescribed. Further regulations are possible.
If the respiratory therapy has been prescribed by a doctor, the statutory health insurance usually bears the costs. Therefore, discuss the possibility of a prescription with your attending physician.
Respiratory therapy devices for lung patients
Tough mucus, which lodges in the bronchi and narrows the airways, causes chronic cough and increases the respiratory distress of many respiratory patients. One goal of respiratory therapy is therefore to release the mucus and facilitate coughing . Especially the use of special respiratory therapy devices makes sense here.
These so-called PEP systems transmit a positive pressure on the respiratory tract, which arises when exhaling into the device. As a result, tough mucus is released from the bronchial walls and can be easily removed or coughed off.
Reflective Respiratory Therapy
In addition to the psychotherapeutic respiratory therapy, there is also the reflex respiratory therapy, which, however, pursues a completely different approach. She works with alternative healing methods and wants to promote via meditative breathing exercises body awareness and mental balance.
This form of respiratory therapy aims primarily at stress reduction and relaxation in order to positively influence the health status of the patients.